Governance System in Nepal

Paper II, Sec: A 1.5
The preamble of Constitution of Nepal, 2015, which came into effect from September 20. 2015, has clearly mentioned governance system in Nepal to be federal, democratic, republican, system of governance. Article 4 defines Nepal as an independent, indivisible, sovereign, secular, inclusive, democratic, socialism-oriented, federal democratic republican state. To understand the current governance system in Nepal. features of Constitution of Nepal should be studied. The country Nepal has now been restructured into a federal republic dividing the country into 7 provinces (Schedule 4). The country has now become an republican country and now into federal system of government. The federal system works in three levels: Federation, State and Local level (Schedule 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9 lists the powers of federal, state and local levels). Bicameral parliamentary system with two federal houses has been created. In each province unicameral parliament system has been created. Different parts of the Constitution of Nepal should be thoroughly studied as a learner to comprehend the topic.



Administrative Division            Earlier Now 
Development Region            5        - 
Province                                 -       7 
Zone                                      14      - 
District                                  75     77
Metropolitan City                  1       6 
   Sub-Metropolitan City          12     11 
    Municipality                          217     276 
      VDC / Rural Municipality  3,157   460 


Important resources have been searched and listed for better understanding of the topic. All the listed resources overviews the process of the current governance system in Nepal.
  • Local Government Operation Act 2074 (link)
  • Good Governance (Management and Operation) Act, 2064 (2008) (link)

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